Reproduction and embryonic development in the African freshwater prawn Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851)

Guillaume Koussovi, Clément Dogbè Adjahouinou, Farokh Niass, Papa Madiallacké Diédhiou, Clément Agossou Bonou, Elie Montchowui


The current study aimed to determine parameters and conditions for successful reproduction of Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) in a controlled medium and describing its embryonic development. A total of 122 adult specimens were collected from the delta of Ouémé River and stored in polyethylene tanks with 1:2 male-female sex ratio. This broodstock was fed on pelleted food (Biomar Efico) once a day. For the embryogeny monitoring, eggs were sampled each hour through the first two days after spawning and then every 2 hours till hatching. Spawning happened at a mean temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration and pH of 27.80±0.56°C, 5.83±0.45 mg/L and 7.41±0.34, respectively. The eggs incubation meantime was 12±1 days with nine main embryonic development stages. Hatching lasted on the average 21.00±1.94 h and led to larvae with a mean size of 2.30±0.90 mm. Mean fecundity was 13062.4±5489.93 eggs and 14715.2±6108 eggs, respectively for the first and second seasons with a highly significant difference between them. The best hatching rates were obtained with salinities equal to 2 and 4‰. The results constitute the first database for larval breeding of M. macrobrachion species.


Embryonic development, Larvae Crustacean, Aquaculture, Food protein.

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