Reproduction and embryonic development in the African freshwater prawn Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851)

Guillaume Koussovi, Clément Dogbè Adjahouinou, Farokh Niass, Papa Madiallacké Diédhiou, Clément Agossou Bonou, Elie Montchowui

Abstract

The current study aimed to determine parameters and conditions for successful reproduction of Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) in a controlled medium and describing its embryonic development. A total of 122 adult specimens were collected from the delta of Ouémé River and stored in polyethylene tanks with 1:2 male-female sex ratio. This broodstock was fed on pelleted food (Biomar Efico) once a day. For the embryogeny monitoring, eggs were sampled each hour through the first two days after spawning and then every 2 hours till hatching. Spawning happened at a mean temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration and pH of 27.80±0.56°C, 5.83±0.45 mg/L and 7.41±0.34, respectively. The eggs incubation meantime was 12±1 days with nine main embryonic development stages. Hatching lasted on the average 21.00±1.94 h and led to larvae with a mean size of 2.30±0.90 mm. Mean fecundity was 13062.4±5489.93 eggs and 14715.2±6108 eggs, respectively for the first and second seasons with a highly significant difference between them. The best hatching rates were obtained with salinities equal to 2 and 4‰. The results constitute the first database for larval breeding of M. macrobrachion species.

Keywords

Embryonic development, Larvae Crustacean, Aquaculture, Food protein.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adite A., Abou Y., Sossoukpe E.M.H.A., Gbaguidi G., Fiogbe E.D. (2013). Meristic and morphological characterization of the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) from the Mono River-Coastal Lagoon system, Southern Benin (West Africa): Implications for species conservation. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 5: 704-714.

Agadjihouèdé H. (2006). Diversité et exploitation des crevettes d’eau douce dans la lagune de Grand Popo (Bas Mono). Thèse d’Ingénieur Agronome, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi. 82 p.

Anderson D.T. (1973). Embryology and phylogeny in annelids and arthopods. In: International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Biology. Division: Zoology, Elsevier. pp: 1-5.

Anger K. (2013). Neotropical Macrobrachium (Caridea: Palaemonidae): on the biology, origin, and radiation of freshwater-invading shrimp. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 33: 151-183.

Bauer R.T., Delahoussaye J. (2008). Life history migrations of the amphidromous river shrimp Macrobrachium ohione from a continental large river system. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 28: 622-632.

Bauer R.T. (2013). Amphidromy in shrimps: a life cycle between rivers and the sea. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 41: 633-650.

Chen Y., Zhu Q., Chen H., Zhu X.L., Cui Z., Qiu G.F. (2012). The morphological and histological observation of embryonic development in the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense. Journal of Shanghai Ocean University, 21: 33-40.

Cuvin-Aralar M.L.A. (2014). Embryonic development of the Caridean prawn Macrobrachium mammillodactylus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 58: 306-313.

FAO (2018). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals. Rome. 254 p.

Fukuda B., Bertini, de Almeida L.C.F. (2017). Effect of salinity on the embryonic development of Macrobrachium acanthurus (Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 61: 1-8.

García-Guerrero M.U., Hendrickx M.E. (2009). External description of the embryonic development of the prawn, Macrobrachium americanum Bate, 1868 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) based on the staging method. Crustaceana, 82: 1413-1422.

Graziani C.A., Chung K.S., Donato M. (1993). Comportamiento reproductivo y fertilidad de Macrobrachium carcinus (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) en Venezuela. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 41: 657-665.

Habashy M.M., Sharshar K.M., Hassan M.M.S. (2012). Morphological and histological studies on the embryonic development of the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (Crustacea, Decapoda). Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology, 65: 157-165.

Holthuis L.B. (1980). FAO species catalogue. Shrimp and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fisheries Synopsis, 1: 271 p.

Houngbo N.E., Zanou M.A., Montchowui E. (2015). Circuit de commercialisation des crevettes d’eau douce provenant de la région méridionale du fleuve Ouémé au Sud-Benin (Département de l’Ouémé). Actes du 4ème Colloque des Sciences, Cultures et Technologies de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Bénin. pp: 188-201.

Ituarte R.B., Spivak E.D., Anger K. (2005). Effects of salinity on embryonic development of Palaemonetes argentines (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palamonidae) culture in vitro. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 47: 213-223.

Kobayashi S., Matsuura S. (1995). Egg development and variation of egg size in the japanese mitten crab Eriocheir japonicus (de Haan). Benthos Research, 48: 29-39.

Koussovi G., Niass F., Bonou C.A., Montchowui E. (2019). Reproductive characteristics of the freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) in the water bodies of Benin, West Africa. Crustaceana, 92: 269-294.

Kouton M.D. (2004). Diversité, écologie et exploitation des crevettes d’eau douce dans la basse vallée de l’Ouémé: cas de la commune d’Adjohoun au Bénin. Thèse d’ingénieur Agronome, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi. 28 p.

Lal M.M. (2012). Spawning and Larval Rearing of the Monkey River Prawn Macrobrachium lar (Fabricius, 1798) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) in the Fiji Islands. Master’s thesis, University of the South Pacific, Pacific Island. 345 p.

Makombu J.G, Oben P.M., Oben B.O., Gaudin G.L.P., Motto I.S., Makoge N., Syapze J.K., Brown J.H., Ngueguim J.R., Mialhe E. (2014). Complete larval development of the fresh water prawn Macrobrachium vollenhovenii in Cameroon. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 26: 310-328.

Ma K.Y., Tian X.Q, Liu Z.Q, Qiu G.F. (2019). Observations on the embryonic development of the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense (De Haan, 1849) (Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 39: 261-266.

Manush S.M., Pal A.K., Das T., Mukherijee S.C. (2006). The influence of temperatures ranging from 25 to 36°C on developmental rates, morphometrics and survival of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) embryos. Aquaculture, 256: 529-536.

Montchowui E., Bonou C.A., Lalèyè P., Philippart J.C., Poncin P. (2011). Successful artificial reproduction of the African carp: Labeo parvus Boulenger, 1902 (Pisces: Cyprinidae). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 3: 36-41.

Müller Y.M.R., Ammar D., Nazari E.M. (2004). Embryonic development of four species of Palaemonid prawns (Crustacea, Decapoda): pre-naupliar and postnaupliar periods. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 21: 27-32.

Müller Y.M.R., Nazari E.M., Simoes-Costa M. (2003). Embryonic stages of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium offersii (Decapoda, Palaeomonidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 23: 869-875.

Müller Y.M.R., Ammar D., Nazari E.M. (2000). Embryonic development of palaemonetes Argentines nobili, 1901 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae), reared in the laboratory. Crustaceana, 73: 143-152.

New M. (2002). Farming freshwater prawns. A manual for the culture of the giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii). (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Fisheries Technical Paper. 428 p.

Nhan D.T. (2009). Optimization of hatchery protocols for Macrobrachium rosenbergii culture in Vietnam. PhD thesis, Ghent University, Belgium. 286 p.

Odinetz-Collart O., Rabelo H. (1996). Variation in egg size of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 16: 884-688.

Ollabodé N. (2019). Analyse économique des chaines de valeur des crevettes d’eaux douce et saumâtre au Sud-Bénin. Mémoire de Master, Université de Parakou, Bénin. 109 p.

Philippart J.C. (1995). Is Captive breeding an effective solution for the preservation of endemic species? Biological Conservation, 72: 281-295.

Pinheiro M.A.A., Hattori G.Y. (2002). Embriologia do siri Arenaeus cribrarius (Lamarck) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 19: 571-583.

Poncin P., Philippart J.C. (2002). The role of aquaculture in fish conservation: a case study of Barbus barbus in Belgium. In: M.J. Collares-Pereira (Ed.). Conservation of Freshwater Fishes: Options for the Future, Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science Ltd, London, UK. pp: 402-413.

Rakaj A., Fianchini A., Boncagni P., Scardi M., Cataudella S. (2019). Artificial reproduction of Holothuria polii: a new candidate for aquaculture. Aquaculture, 498: 444-453.

Sintondji S.W., Adjahouinou C.D., Djihinto G.A., Fiogbe E.D. (2020). Embryology of African giant freshwater shrimp Macrobrachium vollenhovenii. Biologia, 75: 93-101.

Vadrucci M.R., Cabrini M., Basset A. (2007). Biovolume determination of phytoplankton guilds in transitional water ecosystems of Mediterranean ecoregion. Transitional waters bulletin, 2: 83-102.

Vargas-Ceballos M.A., Vega-Villasante F., García-Guerrero M.U., Chong-Carrillo O., Badillo-Zapata D., López-Uriarte E., Wehrtmann I.S. (2018). Salinity effect on embryonic development and survival of the first zoeal stage of Macrobrachium tenellum (Smith, 1871) (Crustacea, Palaemonidae). Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 13: 273-281.

Willführ-Nast J., Rosentha H., Udo P.J., Nast F. (1993). Laboratory cultivation and experimental studies of salinity effects on larval development in the African River prawn Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Aquatic Living Resources, 6: 115-137.

Yamaguchi T. (2001). Incubation of eggs and embryonic development of the fiddler crab, Uca lactea (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Crustaceana, 74: 449-458.

Yamasaki-Granados S., García-Guerrero M., Vega-Villasante F., Castellanos-León F., Cavalli R.O., Cortés-Jacinto E. (2013). Experimental culture of the river prawn Macrobrachium americanum larvae (Bate, 1868), with emphasis on feeding and stocking density effect on survival. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 41: 793-800.

Zar J.H. (1999). Biostatistical Analysis, fourth ed. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 931 p.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.